There are many young farming families starting new ways of farming that build the soil communities for richer top soil, healthier produce, and (whether they may know it or not) solving global warming by their practices.
With no till or low till farming, crop rotation, and companion planting, more carbon ends up in the soil. That improves nutritional value of the food but also takes carbon out of the air. A new movement is slowly happening around the world — The New Agrarians. You can get a true idea of what it is by visiting The Land Institute website and listening to their videos. You can learn about Perennial Farming — planting seed varieties that do not need to be replanted from year to year. This is the true revolution that is under research in the U.S. and Africa. It is the front end of the next revolution in farming! Its promise also gives us one of our best win-win strategies for a sustainable way of life.
Christiana Figueres led nations to sign the historic Paris Agreement. In this video she explains where we are on the path to keep increase in warming to 1.5C. She reviews lots of good news and progress. Still she cautions we must stay on track.
In this short but profound address, Dr. Hansen calls out the U.S. and China, the two largest emitters of CO2, to fund critical climate action (carbon draw-down). The scientific and ethical basis of this action is described.
Hansen states: No nation should be allowed to exit.
The U.S. is historically the largest and longest polluter;
Countries are already dealing with the impacts of climate change;
Since actions by a few affect all, and since life on earth hangs in the balance, no nation should be allowed to exit from its responsibility.
Hansen warns: The loss of island nations and coastal cities across the planet may already be locked in: green house gas (GHS) forcings are accelerating, not slowing.
From the Pachamama Alliance, listen to another cultural perspective about protecting the health of the planet for future and present generations of human beings:
Watch video presentations on solutions to climate change. Be sure to listen to the report on soil sequestration of carbon as an important mitigation of [CO2] in the atmosphere. The two speakers describe the key role of agricultural practices, and how new management of soil not only will capture new carbon and invigorate microbial communities in the deep soil structure, but also provide new income and greater food security:
How do we prepare our children today for the awesome challenges that lie ahead?
Eric Assadourian noted we need two kinds of education, simultaneously: education for sustainability and education for resilience.
In their new book, EarthED, these two leaders in environmental education address six major areas that form the backbone of educational reform:
EARTH DEPENDENCE – we are utterly dependent on earth’s natural systems to live; to be healthy, and to make a living, and for safety and inspiration. Most children today are disconnected from the planet under their feet, more than any other generation. Basic earth literacy must be taught.
INTERDEPENDENCE – We are interdependent on each other and the earth. Social/emotional intelligence and moral education must address how we live together and the values we must share to assure life will go forward on Earth.
CREATIVITY – Play is fundamental to developing and cultivating our imaginations; arts and humanities, dance and music – all develop higher cortical function (long term planning, critical thinking, novel ideas). In a problematic future with unpredictable events, the ability to create novel solutions will be a hallmark of generations growing into adulthood today.
DEEP LEARNING – Learning how to learn, learning how to apply ideas that work in one area to another — to see connections, patterns; to think critically about tools such as digital communication and platforms. New Americans should ask: What kind of world do we want to build? We can be manipulated by digital platforms like Facebook; how do we account for and protect ourselves from intrusion? How can we think and act clearly? Learning to use systems thinking will be fundamental to a sustainable future for our coming generations.
LIFE SKILLS – New Americans should be skilled in home economics by learning how to grow, harvest and store, and prepare good food. All should know about renewable energy, conservation of materials by reusing them and developing new materials that are more mobile – to be able to relocate communities with changing conditions in the environment such as flooding. New students learn how to create beauty around them while being conservative in their use of resources. Innovation is critical and related to working together to innovate and create new ways of living.
EARTH-CENTRIC LEADERSHIP – Americans need to see the connections between our democratic life and the protection of the environment. Our forefathers recognized the fundamental requirement of education and maintenance of a democracy:
There is no safe deposit for these but with the people themselves, nor can they be safe with them without information. Where the press is free, and every man able to read, all is safe. …. John Adams Letter to Thomas Jefferson (15 July 1817) .
The fact that the political apparatus for environmental protection has been dismantled in the last few months of the new administration should be of great concern to all of us. Decades of work to create the Environmental Protection Agency and the protections for human and wild life (Clean Water Act, Clean Air Act, Endangered Species Act, etc.) have all been cleaved to the ground. This requires the coming generations to determine how our democracy can create anew (reframe) the laws that represent us and protect life and limb.
We Americans are in a world of hurt. The moral life of the country is teetering in the wake of a leader without a moral compass. The morality I write out is not related to personal morals but to civic morals–the shared values, ways of being and acting, that have given rise to a great country that once inspired other nations to follow our example. Well, that was true after WWII but has gradually diminished over the last 70 years. Robert Reich has eloquently outlined “How It Happened” — how the likes of Donald Trump came to occupy the White House. Its worth, shutting your office door and having lunch at your desk, to listen to this presentation. It most clearly outlines the answer to that question. Its not about one party being better than another; no, its about how both parties are stunned, and have come to realize that Donald Trump as President is a “clear and present danger” to our democracy.
As I write and think about the country I have loved deeply all my life, and whose principles have been the standard by which I’ve tried to lead my civic life, my daughter, after a long 60-70 hour work week, finds the time to still get out on a Saturday to canvass for a candidate she believes in and spends more time signing people up to vote. Her husband was the chair of their voting precinct in the last election and is a leader in his union. These young Americans are making the system work. I admire and love them for it.
We have all got to get out of our normal routines, to stop and consider our situation for what it truly is: we are on the cusp of losing our democracy. At its basis, as Reich points out, is the assault on TRUTH. We have a leader and his cohorts who divert attention from the truth, and tell lies until the public in its confusion begins to question the very foundations of our shared republican life. We must act together–together–to step back from the brink.
There are few pleasures that reward better than a good book. I read both for pleasure and to learn how authors develop characters and move their plots along. One of my hobbies is reading the first and last lines of books. How does the author grab the reader’s attention, then hold it? How does he or she use language?
Yesterday I stumbled on a $6 copy of Ken Follett’s Edge of Eternity. Many of you may know Follett from his long lasting historical thriller, Eye of the Needle. Follett bases his fictional tales on assiduous research. Edge of Eternity is a contemporary suite of stories happening on several continents. Follett weaves characters active in the Freedom Bus Rides and civil rights movement with characters in East Germany when Khrushchev decides to build the Berlin Wall. It begins in the year 1961 and moves through the ’80s encompassing the civil rights movement, assassination of John F. Kennedy, and our fears and efforts to prevent a nuclear war with Russia. I stayed up very late last night reading.
Research from Loris Vezzali, social psychologist, points to the power of storytelling, to fiction, in shaping attitudes. This NPR program features a recent study that Vezzali, et al, conducted to determine whether children who read Harry Potter novels change how they relate to stygmitized groups of people (disabled, immigrants, or “other”).
Recentresearchshowsthatextendedcontactviastoryreadingisapowerfulstrategytoimproveout-groupattitudes.Weconductedthreestudiestotestwhether extendedcontactthroughreadingthepopularbest-sellingbooksofHarryPotter improvesattitudestowardstigmatizedgroups(immigrants,homosexuals,refu-gees).Results from one experimental intervention with elementary school children andfromtwocross-sectionalstudieswithhighschoolanduniversitystudents(in ItalyandUnitedKingdom)supportedourmainhypothesis.Identiﬁcationwith themaincharacter(i.e.,HarryPotter)anddisidentiﬁcationfromthenegative character (i.e.,Voldemort) moderatedthe effect.Perspective taking emerged as the processallowingattitudeimprovement.Theoreticalandpracticalimplicationsof theﬁndingsarediscussedinthe contextofextendedintergroup contact andsocial cognitivetheory
When confusion reigns, I turn to voices of clarity to reset my “compass”. Wendell Berry is a wise Kentucky farmer, prolific author and poet, and activist for conservation of nature. Find a quiet time to enjoy this lively discussion full of nuggets of knowledge from a man whose vision provides direction for millions.
In the previous post I described my joy in visiting the Central High School National Historic Site which preserves and tells the story of desegregation in Little Rock, AK. There I bought two memoirs, one by Daisy Bates (The Long Shadow of Little Rock), the other by Carlotta Walls LaNier with Lisa Frazier Page (A Mighty Long Way). [*This link includes an interview with Mrs. LaNier and an excerpt from the first chapter, and links to purchase a copy of the memoir.]
Both memoirs brought me renewed appreciation for the personal struggles of individual Americans striving for their civil rights, and the importance of parents being involved in their children’s education. Reading both books rendered a deeper understanding of historical events through the lived experiences of my fellow Americans. The NPS Interpreter was also a powerful communicator who brought history to life–another important function of our National Parks.
On my current sojourn in Kentucky, I drove to Mammoth Park –another National Park site–preserving and interpreting one of the world’s great natural wonders. In 2016 it celebrated its 200th anniversary!
In their gift store, I headed for the books section. There I found a historical novel by Roger Brucker, about Stephen Bishop, a famous and early explorer/guide at Mammoth Park (Grand, Gloomy, and Peculiar). Stephen was a slave at the time his owners assigned him the duty to serve as a guide at the privately owned wonder. It was already a favorite travel destination for wealthy and local people. The associated hotel inn for guests owned slaves who cooked and cleaned for guests. Charlotte Brown was a slave working at the inn. It was there that she fell in love with Stephen Bishop. They would eventually marry.
The novel’s story is told through the voice of Charlotte Bishop. The narration is based in part on Charlotte’s real story. Historical documents and testimonies from people who met and knew Stephen and Charlotte guided the author in writing this delightful book. (I am about half way through.)
My point is this: if we do not know history, how can we navigate the future? Each of these National Parks sites, and the books I found there, provide citizens with living history. Our National Parks are repositories for learning and recalling great moments and individuals in history.